Nepal is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the Peopleís Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 30 million. Kathmandu is the capital of the nation and a treasure house of ancient art and culture. Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level.

Nepal is a multiethnic and multilingual country. Nepali culture represents a fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Mongolian influences, the result of a long history of migration, conquest, and trade. Historically, caste and class status paralleled each other, with the highest castes having the most land, capital, and political influence. The manifestation of autonomy to the major castes in their respective dominion can bring all people into the mainstream of development. So, these parties have brought forth the provision of the federal system of government. Caste and ethnic groups are often identifiable by both physical traits and styles of dress and ornamentation. These symbols of ethnic identity along with distinctive forms of music, dance, and cuisine, continue to be important. The culture of caste Hindus is the national"prestige culture."

The most believed and significant temple for Hindu people pasupatinath temple is located 5 km north from Kathmandu valley. ChanguNarayan temple is another famous oldest temple of Bishnu/ Narayan. It is the architecture that made in golden medieval period of Nepal history. This temple is made in malla period. A brilliant tower delegated a funnel shaped lush slope; Swayambhunath Stupa is the most old and cryptic of all the heavenly sanctums in Kathmandu valley. Janaki Mandir is a Hindu temple in Janakpur dedicated to the Hindu goddess Sita which is an example of Hindu-Koiri Nepali architecture. Lumbini is a Buddhist pilgrimage site which is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, the messenger of world-peace.

There are three main river systems of the country-the Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali river systems, all of them originating from glaciers and snow-fed lakes. Streams and rivulets originating mostly from the Chure hills make up the third category; these rivers rely on monsoon rains and are otherwise dry. The Kali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi is the gorge of the Kali Gandaki in the Himalayas in Nepal, which is known as the deepest gorge in the world. Tilicho lake is known as the world's highest lake located in Manang District of Nepal in the Annapurna range at an altitude of 4919m.

Nepal is small but rich in natural resources although it is poor by economic condition. Nepal is developing country. As Nepal has high potential in tourism area, it can be made a main attraction for tourists if the are provided good hospitality and road transportation is extended up to remote but naturally beautiful places.